As a food lover, the introduction of real solid food in my boys’ diet was something I was really looking forward to. I literally could not wait :-) I read as much as I could on the topic but I always went back to the same source of reference: the notes my dear French friend Noémie gave me. She got them from her paediatrician. As I explained in previous posts in France a lot of children are still directly followed by a paediatrician for day to day matters. The information below is relating to French baby weaning for babies aged 9 to 12 months old. It is part of a series of post, which you can find on the Bites & Pieces page under the French food education section.
Please note that baby weaning guidelines in France and in the UK are quite different and by default I would always recommend you to follow the guidelines of your health specialist.
When you have reached the 9 month mark, weaning is almost finished but there are still a few rules to follow.
- Keep two breastmilk feeds/ bottles of follow on formula up to 12 months (if you are using whole milk or semi-skimmed milk, you will need to reduce accordingly the quantity of yogurt, cheese or meat)
- Drinks during and outside mealtime should be limited to water (no squash, juice…)
- You can give milk before bedtime but don’t leave it during night-time. Leave eventually some water if your little one wants fluids.
- No snacking between meals (this would reduce his/her appetite during mealtimes)
- No charcuterie (prepared meat products primarily from pork such as bacon, pâtés…) aside from lean cooked ham
- No fried dishes
- No nuts, almonds
Proteins (Meat, fish or ½ hard-boiled egg)
- You can introduce meat with a higher fat content such as lamb, mutton or pork but in small quantities
- Fish, no more than twice a week
- Avoid offal (liver, brains, kidney…)
- When? At lunch, once a day
- How? Boiled, poached or grilled without fat
- How much? About 2 teaspoons – 20g
Introduce well-cooked short-grain rice, little pasta in soups or by itself if the child is chewing properly.
- Breakfast: one or more milk feeds of breastmilk or follow on formula of 210 to 240 ml
- Lunch: Meat, fish or 1/2 egg + vegetable puree incl. fat + cheese + fruit puree or raw fruits +/- milk
- Goûter (Snack): milk feed – breast or follow on formula- of 210ml or dairy product with water + fruit puree or raw fruits +/- bread (baguette end crust or sprinkled in dairy product/puree or baby biscuit)
- Dinner: soup or vegetable puree with a tablespoon of carbs such as semolina, tapioca, rice, pasta… + dessert (milk feed or milk-based baby specific dessert e.g. yogurt or fruits especially if he/she has had a dairy dessert for lunch)
NB: French paediatricians recommend supplements of vitamin D and fluorine. Offer the widest variety of meals you can.
If you are interested in more posts on similar topics, you may want to read about: